NKM KP OF-712
GK No. 6615056
Maker: Latysheva M.A. (?)
Place: the Kaninskaya tundra, Oma settlement
Material: reindeer fur, fox fur, dog fur, broadcloth
Technics: hand sewing
Dimensions: length 115 cm
A characteristic feature of this type of clothing is the absence of vertical structural seams - all main seams are horizontal. Such panitsas are worn in the Kaninskaya and Timanskaya tundras, on the islands of Kolguev and Novaya Zemlya.
The upper part of the panitsa is sewn from squirrel, beaver and fox fur pieces, the middle part is made of reindeer fur and the lower one - of dog fur strips. Such tailoring reflects the three-part structure of the Nenets world (upper, middle, lower).
There is an interesting Nenets legend explaining the appearance of dog fur on clothes but not of any other animal: “After all other living creatures, God created a human, a man and created a dog for him as his most faithful friend. The first dog was naked, without hair like a man and protected its master from the devil, who stubbornly tried to get into the Nenets chum and spit on him to lure toward sin. The dog did not let the devil into the chum. Whatever the devil did, he starved the dog and then threw a bone, but the dog did not leave the chum entrance. The demon tried his last idea to generate a fierce frost. The dog stiffened and shook but still did not let the devil into the chum. The devil intensified the frost, came to the dog from behind and began to stroke it gently. At the same time, hair overgrew the dog, it felt warm, it was delighted, wagged its tail and let the demon into the chum, who spat in the face of the sleeping owner and made him prone to evil. The Nenets’s wife learning about this strangled the dog, tore off its skin and sewed it to her panitsa. Since then, the female Samoyed panitsa has been trimmed with dog fur ”.